By 2020, global international aviation emissions are projected to be around 70% higher than in 2005 and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) forecasts that by 2050 they could grow by a further 300-700%. The projections clearly demonstrate that action at the ICAO level is needed in order to ensure that the international aviation contributes to the mitigation efforts necessary to reach the temperature goal of the Paris Agreement.
In October 2016, the ICAO agreed on a global market-based measure to address CO2 emissions from international aviation as of 2021: the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA). The objective of CORSIA is to stabilise CO2 emissions at 2020 levels by requiring airlines to offset the growth of their emissions after 2020.
Airlines will be required to monitor emissions on all international routes and to offset emissions from routes included in the scheme by purchasing eligible credits generated by projects that reduce emissions in other sectors (e.g. renewable energy).
The participation in the first phase will be voluntary. According to ICAO as of 11 January 2018, 73 States, representing 87.7% of international aviation activity, intend to voluntarily participate in the global MBM scheme from the start. All EU Member State will participate in the first voluntary phase.
More information on CORSIA in different languages is available on the ICAO website.
At the European Level, once there is more clarity about the implementation of the CORSIA by ICAO, the Commission will present a further assessment and review of the EU ETS. More information can be found here.
Ce fichier est commun aux systèmes EU ETS et CORSIA. Si l’opérateur aérien ne participe qu’au système CORSIA, ne compléter que les champs concernés par ce dernier.